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Blood cancer: what is it?

Blood cancer, also known as hematologic cancer, is a form of cancer that affects blood and bone marrow cells. This type of cancer can be very aggressive and can cause several symptoms, such as fatigue, pallor, weight loss, fever, and night sweats.

Blood cancers develop when blood cells mutate and begin to grow uncontrollably. These abnormal cells can spread throughout the body through the bloodstream and lymphatic system, causing tissue and organ damage.


What are the types of blood cancers?

There are several types of blood cancers, including lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and leukemia. Each of these cancers has different symptoms and treatments and requires a specific treatment approach.


Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system that affects lymphocytes, the blood cells that help fight infection. It can manifest in a variety of ways, but usually presents with the appearance of enlarged lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, and weight loss.


Multiple myeloma is a cancer of the bone marrow that affects plasma cells. This tumor can cause bone pain, weight loss, fatigue, and impaired kidney function.


Leukemia is a blood cancer that affects blood cells. This type of cancer can cause a range of symptoms, including fatigue, fever, night sweats, bruising and bleeding.

Treatment of blood cancers depends on the type of cancer and stage of development. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, and targeted therapy. Learn about the side effects of radiation therapy.

It is important to diagnose and treat blood cancers as early as possible to increase the chances of cure.